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  • Rekord
    Development of the information society in Poland on the example of households / Rozwój społeczeństwa informacyjnego w Polsce na przykładzie gospodarstw domowych
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2024-04-05) Pyra, Mariusz ; Gustyn, Tomasz
    The development of the information society in Poland, as a key component of socio-economic progress, is evidenced by a range of indicators, one of which is the use of information and communication technologies in households. Material and methods: The research used statistical data from the CSO database collected through face-to-face and telephone interviews (by interviewers) and through an online survey. The research was conducted in 2022, and the subject of the study was the use of ICT in households in 2021. Results: The analysis, based on 2021 CSO data, reveals that central Poland shows the highest rates of ICT use, suggesting a.o. better infrastructure and availability of digital services. Western Poland also records good results, while eastern Poland lags behind in many of the analyzed areas. Conclusions: The considerations carried out underscore the need to develop policies that promote the even development of the information society in order to reduce regional disparities.
  • Rekord
    The Covid-19 pandemic and the financial condition of non-financial enterprises in Poland / Pandemia Covid-19, a kondycja finansowa przedsiębiorstw niefinansowych w Polsce
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2024-02-08) Gałecka, Agnieszka ; Nestoruk, Małgorzata
    The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the financial situation of enterprises in Poland. Material and methods: The subjective scope of research included enterprises keeping accounting books that employed at least 50 people. As part of the main objective, a ratio analysis of financial liquidity, profitability, debt and operational efficiency was performed. The research period covered the years 2018-2022. The main source of financial information used to achieve the aim of the work was the data of the Central Statistical Office. Results: It was found that the surveyed group of enterprises had no problems with timely settlement of liabilities in the years 2018-2022. Moreover, their business was profitable, which should be assessed positively. Conclusions: Based on the analyses, it was not found that the Covid-19 pandemic had a significant negative impact on the financial results of the analyzed group of enterprises.
  • Rekord
    The situation of graduates and students in the Polish labour market / Sytuacja absolwentów i studentów na polskim rynku pracy
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-12-30) Czapski, Grzegorz ; Nazaruk, Stanisława ; Sokołowska, Barbara
    Subject and subject of work: The subject of the study is to indicate the situation of students and graduates on the Polish labour market, taking into account data on the number of students and graduates, as well as employment and unemployment statistics in selected years. Materials and methods: The study used the method of analysis of legal acts, data of the Central Statistical Office and analysis of the literature on the subject. Based on the qualitative analysis of the available documents, the main changes in the employment of university and secondary school graduates were indicated, taking into account the main factors limiting their employment. Results: People with higher education are in a particularly good situation on the labour market compared to secondary school graduates. In the process of hiring employees, the age, the field of study of the candidate and the actual situation on the labour market are important. Conclusions: Factors limiting employment were identified, both on the part of employers and the graduates themselves, taking into account the selected time period and the situation on the labour market.
  • Rekord
    Impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on changes in the financing and delivery of forestry education in Poland – a case study / Wpływ pandemii SARS-CoV-2 na zmiany w finansowaniu i prowadzeniu edukacji leśnej w Polsce – studium przypadku
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-12-30) Zbucki, Łukasz ; Radwańska, Katarzyna
    Subject and purpose of work: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has significantly changed the shape and organization of education in the State Forests, hence the purpose of this study is to assess its impact on the course, financing, forms and participation of youth and adults in forest education in Poland. Materials and methods: The study was based on hitherto unpublished quantitative data concerning the educational activities of forest districts carried out in 2011-2021. Qualitative methods, including online surveys, were also used. Due to the largest area of forests under its management in Poland, the RDSF Szczecin was selected as the study area. Results: An analysis of expenditures on forest education was carried out, identifying forest districts with the highest and lowest costs. Conclusions: The mixed methods used allowed for a more complete interpretation of the results, as well as the presentation of the figures in a statistical context.
  • Rekord
    Policies aimed at combating COVID-19 pandemic and economic crisis in Poland / Polityka antypandemiczna i polityka antykryzysowa w czasie pandemii COVID-19 w Polsce
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-12-30) Adamowicz, Mieczysław
    Subject and purpose of work: The aim of the paper is to present the course of the COVID-19 pandemic in Poland and measures undertaken in order to prevent the spread of the disease and mitigate its results. The specific objective concerns evaluation of anti-crisis measures enacted during the pandemic in Poland. Materials and methods: The paper is based on an analysis of official data provided by state institutions and reports on the course of the pandemic in Poland, as well as academic papers on the subject matter in question. The author employed an analytical and descriptive method in order to outline the course and assess the economic and social phenomena occurring during the pandemic. Results: The state of the pandemic in Poland was announced on March 2020 and lifted in May 2023. During that period, Poland experienced two major waves of increased infections and excess deaths, which led to significant biological, economic and social damage, as well as major losses. The state has implemented an efficient and quite effective anti-pandemic measures aimed at protecting the lives and health of citizens, as well as anti-crisis policies to counter and limit the adverse effects of the ongoing pandemic in the form of an extensive financial aid in the form of the so-called Anti-Crisis Fund, which was continuously replenished. Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic in Poland was an unprecedented and unpredictable phenomenon, which resulted in clear threat to the life and health of the population. It also brought upon a danger of an economic recession and social crisis, which could have resulted in deep economic crisis. The anti-pandemic measures introduced by the Polish government, as well as the anti-crisis measures implemented in quick succession, saved the country from a deep crisis and recession. There is a need for further research into the causes, course, as well as the immediate and long-term impacts of the pandemic.