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  • Rekord
    Using accelerometers as a method for improving compliance with physical activity recommendations in the treatment of obesity in children
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-08-28) Stelmach, Marian J. ; Protas, Piotr ; Tenderenda-Banasiuk, Edyta ; Kuroczycka-Saniutycz, Elżbieta ; Wasilewska, Anna ; Lemiesz, Marta
    The evidence has showed that increasing physical activity is a particularly important element not only in prevention but also in the treatment of obesity. This study aimed to examine whether the use of accelerometers for monitoring physical activity is a sufficient motivator to adhere the recommended level of physical activity. Material and methods. The prospective study involved 44 obese children and adolescents aged 5 to 17 who were registered with the Pediatric Nephrology Department at the Medical University of Bialystok, Poland. Participants had to wear a device for at least 12 hours per day for 56 consecutive days. Anthropometric measurements were made at the beginning of the study and after eight weeks of physical activity monitoring. Results. The presented study results far exceeded the recommended amount of the average physical activity energy expenditure of young patients in the first two weeks. In the following weeks, the amount of daily energy expenditure gradually diminished, but finally, the average BMI Z-score was reduced from 2.80±0.64 at baseline to 2.48±0.27 at the end of the study (p<0.0147). Conclusions. The study demonstrates that tracking of physical activity may be an essential factor to improve compliance with physical activity recommendations.
  • Rekord
    Loneliness in the practice of Emergency Medical Teams: a case study
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-08-21) Dudziński, Łukasz ; Czyżewski, Łukasz ; Kubiak, Tomasz
    Loneliness is a common phenomenon among human populations worldwide. Elderly people are particularly affected by loneliness due to difficulties in using communicators (telephone, social media) providing remote contact. National Emergency Medical Service (EMS) entities are the units responsible for undertaking medical rescue operations on the scene of an incident and qualified patient transport. The ambulance equipment, including measuring and monitoring devices, dressing articles, pharmaceuticals and procedures used by medical rescue teams are dedicated mainly to urgent cases. Material and methods. The study comprised a 3-year retrospective analysis of trips performed by the EMS between Jan. 1, 2020, and Dec. 31, 2022, to a female patient living alone. The following measures were calculated to characterize the variables: number (n) and frequency (%), in addition Min, Max, Mean and Standard Deviation (SD). Results. In the period under observation, 49 EMS interventions were performed. There were 1085 days (2 years; 11 months; 21 days) between the first and last intervention under observation. The highest intensity of calls occurred in March 2020 (n=9), and May 2020 (n=10); the largest intervals between the calls occurred in the second half of 2022. The share of events in particular years was as follows: 2020 (n=33), 2021 (n=10), 2022 (n=6). Conclusions. Loneliness and lack of care from the family affects the condition of chronic diseases. The frequency of EMS calls in the described case was higher at night. An increase in the frequency of interventions corresponded with the period of the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in Poland as a new unknown threat. Predominantly pharmacology in the form of sedatives, analgesics and drugs lowering hypertension, was used which was a response to the needs of the patient’s clinical condition.
  • Rekord
    Prevention of infectious diseases in the context of the risk of transferring pathogenic microorganisms in beauty salons
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-08-21) Szostakiewicz, Małgorzata ; Tokarska-Rodak, Małgorzata
    In recent years, there has been a steady increase in the popularity of beauty treatments performed in beauty salons. However, the development of this industry leads to the new challenges related to the prevention of infectious diseases. Safety and hygiene issues apply both to the staff responsible for the quality of the treatments and to the clients. Greater awareness can eliminate undesirable behaviors, reducing the risk of infections through the implementation of safety, hygiene and prevention rules.
  • Rekord
    Paranoid schizophrenia in aspects of nursing care based on a case study / Schizofrenia paranoidalna w aspektach opieki pielęgniarskiej na podstawie studium przypadku
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-08-31) Nazaruk, Stanisława Katarzyna ; Sokołowska, Barbara ; Pucel, Sylwia
    Paranoid schizophrenia, characterised by delusions and hallucinations and peculiar symptoms that do not resemble any other disease, is one of the many diseases diagnosed in some people. The sick person remains himself/herself, but his/her personality gradually becomes disorganised, taking him into a different , „world” of inner experiences. Most often the family and the nurse take care of the sick person. Material and methods: The study involved a person suffering from paranoid schizophrenia. A case study was used. Results: The results of the study showed that the person with the disease needs support from family, nurse and professionals. Conclusions: In order to improve his/her quality of life, an effective system of early recognition of the symptoms of the disease, its treatment, education of the family and the public must be developed and implemented. Education addressed to the patient and his/her family and to society in order to overcome the stereotypes that still exist is crucial.
  • Rekord
    Properties and pathogenicity of the Vibrio bacilli
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-06-28) Tarasiuk, Karolina ; Weiner, Marcin
    Currently, among 36 species of the Vibrio genus, 12 are potentially pathogenic to humans. The purpose of this study is to present the properties and pathogenicity of the Vibrio bacilli. The Vibrio family are pathogenic to humans causing dangerous infectious diseases that may often be fatal in the absence of effective therapy, but are also an infectious agent among animals. The most characteristic representative of the Vibrionaceae family is the species Vibrio cholerae. There are two strains that disrupt the water and electrolyte balance in humans: V. cholerae O1 and V. cholerae O139. The V. cholerae O1 serotype has two biotypes: classical and El Tor. Three serotypes are distinguished in each biotype – Inaba, Ogawa and Hikojima. The El Tor biotype shows the ability to survive and colonize the human body, causing chronic carrier state. Infections caused by species other than V. cholerae a re r eferred t o b y t he p refix “ non” o r N AG ( Non-AgglutinatinGVibrio) – V. cholerae non-O1 and V. cholerae non-O139. They are found in natural bodies of water, lakes, estuaries and marine waters. In Poland, V. cholerae non-O1 and V. cholerae non-O139 were confirmed in previous years in the Bug River, near the border with Ukraine, during the summerautumn period.