2018, Volume 12, Issue 4

Stały URI dla tej kolekcji


Ostatnio nadesłane prace

Aktualna strona 1 - 5 z 8
  • Rekord
    Influence of UV-C radiation on the microbiological purity in selected species of herbs
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2018-10-13) Kozak-Kalita, Marta Jolanta ; Sobczak, Paweł ; Zawiślak, Kazimierz ; Mazur, Jacek ; Panasiewicz, Marian ; Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Wioletta Agnieszka
    Background. Herbs are used in both the food and pharmaceutical industry. The quality of products received from herbal raw materials depends primarily on the microbiological purity of herbs. The presence of germs in food products contributes to developing alimentary infections and to the contamination of food with mycotoxins. Decontamination with ultraviolet UV-C rays is a proven way to enhance the microbiological purity of food products as radiation directly affects the structure of the nucleic acid of living organisms and destroys them without selective biocidal activity. The aim of the study was to determine the microbiological purity of selected species of herbs and assess the possibility of using UV-C radiation to increase it. Material and methods. The scope of work included the separation of three dimensional fractions of dried herbs such as thyme, medical cistus and stinging nettle, and then subjecting them to UV-C light and determining the total number of germs in the herbs with respect to the control sample, which consisted of untreated herbs. Results. The tested herbs were characterised by diversified microbiological purity, depending on the species and a type of size fraction. Sterilisation of herbs with UV-C radiations allowed for increasing their microbiological purity as compared to the control sample, in the case of the fraction with the largest particle size by about 37% – thyme, 73% – cistus and 30% – nettle. Conclusions. The use of UV-C radiation allowed for considerable reduction of the number of germs found in the examined herbs.
  • Rekord
    Platelets and the clinical course of Crohn’s disease
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2018-11-07) Padysz, Milena ; Stec-Michalska, Krystyna ; Banasik, Julia ; Gąsiorowska, Anita
    Background. Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) characterised by periods of exacerbations and remissions. Autoimmune disorders caused by undetermined factors lead to inflammation in the intestinal mucosa. Presently, there is a growing interest in the role of platelets in the assessment of inflammatory lesions in CD. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to answer the question of whether routinely measured platelet indices: concentration of platelets (PLT), the mean platelet volume (MPV), plateletcrit (PCT) could become biomarkers for monitoring the course of CD. Material and methods. In the study programme, there were enrolled 100 patients with a diagnosed CD with a different clinical course, disease location and heterogeneous therapy. In all patients, there were collected blood and stool samples for the assessment of CRP, blood count and fecal calprotectin evaluation. The clinical state of each patient was classified using the Harvey-Bradshaw index. Results. The study showed a positive, statistically significant correlation between fecal calprotectin, CRP, WBC, the Harvey-Bradshaw index and the number of platelets and PCT. Furthermore, the analysis showed a statistically significant negative correlation between MPV and the number of WBC, CRP and fecal calprotectin. Conclusions. Our study showed that platelet indices are a valuable, non-invasive and widely accessible method to assess mucosal healing and the clinical status of the patient.
  • Rekord
    Factors motivating participation in physical activity in students of Warsaw University by gender
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2018-11-07) Fuhrmann, Magdalena Maria
    Background. Physical activity is the primary factor in maintaining health and fitness. The minimal amount of physical activity per week is about 150 minutes of moderate activity. There are also many different motivation factors for activity, depending on various characteristics, for example, gender. The following article aims to prove how far gender can differentiate the motivation factor determining the amount of students’ physical activity. Material and methods. The study was carried out in 2016 in a group of 694 students of Warsaw University. The tool used to conduct the research was a proprietary questionnaire. Results. The study showed that there are distinct differences between women and men. Firstly, the study allows for stating that students demonstrate different attitudes towards recreational activity. The second important outcome shows that intrinsic motivation is stronger in female students, while extrinsic factors play an essential role in males. Conclusions. The obtained results on physical activity of students of Warsaw University remain partially in line with those found in other universities. Fitness improvement, weight reduction and well-being are the main motivation factors affecting the amount of physical activity. Another factor pointed out by students, and strongly emphasised by women, is taking care of own figure and physical condition. The element of pleasure concomitant with physical activity also becomes one of the most significant motivating factors for students of Warsaw University. Furthermore, male students are more likely to be driven by competition and selfexamination, while females are more into weight control.
  • Rekord
    Physical activity in promoting health of the elder
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2018-10-09) Parnicka, Urszula
    Ageing, as a physiological process in human ontogenesis, is inevitable. However, it can assume a mild form. What can slow down involutionary processes within the limits of optimal human abilities and biological needs is physical activity. In addition, physical activity seems to be of great importance in the treatment and rehabilitation of various injuries and old-age diseases. The primary objective of the paper is to show the health benefits of physical activity in involutionary processes; that is ageing of individual physiological systems and human motor skills. The work bases on available and current literature on the subject which forwards research in this field and draws on the sources relating to this particular issue. Many extensive studies indicate that physical activity is an essential element of health promotion and gerontological prophylaxis. General improvement of health due to physical activity refers to the improvement of cardiovascular and respiratory functions, prevention of degenerative changes in the spine, prevention of civilisation diseases, mental relaxation, pleasure, satisfaction, socialisation, escape from loneliness, counteracting boredom, everyday monotony, as well as spending much time in a valuable way. Properly selected and health stimulation training can enhance the general physical fitness, through better motor functions. Along with an overall increase in life expectancy, there appears a greater need to develop research on the role of physical activity in the elderly. Physical activity in old age is a precious element of a healthy lifestyle, prevention and therapy in many diseases. It reinforces independence till old age, which is vital in coping with stress.
  • Rekord
    Prevalence of insomnia and depression in patients with age-related macular degeneration
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2018-07-10) Nowak, Elżbieta ; Kulik, Aleksandra ; Wróbel, Justyna ; Nowak, Grzegorz ; Nowak, Damian ; Rocznika, Wojciech ; Jośko-Ochojska, Jadwiga
    Background. Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) affecting the organ of vision, impairs central vision. The study objective was (1) to define the prevalence of sleep disorders and depressive symptoms in patients with AMD, (2) to assess the relationship of depressive symptoms and insomnia with chosen demographic data, (3) to assess a potential correlation of the exacerbating vision quality with depressive symptoms and sleep disorders. Material and methods. The study involved 105 patients, women and men aged 45-88. Patients were asked to complete an original questionnaire subjected to validation, the Beck Depression Inventory and the Athens’s Insomnia Scale. Results. The results were analysed statistically, showing that 71% of the respondents had insomnia and 70% suffered from depression. The patients’ age, time from the diagnosis, marital and occupational status were not found to be related to depression or sleep disorders. Type of education, financial status and family support were significantly correlated with the prevalence of depression and sleep disorders. No correlation was observed between the exacerbation of vision disorders and enhanced depressive symptoms and insomnia. However, such correlation was noted with subjective stress reactions. Conclusions. Since patients with AMD are at a greater risk of sleep disorders and depression they should remain under professional care of a multidisciplinary team, including an ophthalmologist, a family doctor, a psychiatrist and a psychologist.