2023, Volume 17, Issue 4

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  • Rekord
    The nutritional value and health benefits of sweet corn kernels (Zea mays ssp. saccharata)
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-10-19) Baranowska, Alicja
    The aim of this paper was to review scientific studies concerning the nutritional value and healthy properties of sweet corn kernels. Sweet corn (Zea mays ssp. saccharata) is a popular vegetable in America and many European countries. It is also increasingly recognized in Poland. The practical benefits of sugar corn result, among others, from the nutritional value of caryopses and their taste. The review of the literature of the research subject presented in this paper allows us to state that sugar corn caryopses are a source of carbohydrates (simple sugars, starch), protein, vitamins, mineral ingredients, phenolic acids, carotenoids and dietary fiber. The results of chemical analyses prove that sugar corn kernels do not contain gluten; therefore, this plant plays a particularly important role in the nutrition of people with coeliac disease, and corn flour is a valuable product in the food industry. An increasing number of research evidence shows that the regular consumption of wholemeal corn reduces the risk of developing many chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, eye diseases, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and digestive diseases. The analysis of the literature of the research subject allows us to conclude that sugar corn should be a permanent element of everyday diet, particularly because it can be consumed both in a fresh and processed form all year round. Keywords: sweet corn, chemical constitution, nutritional value, health
  • Rekord
    Firefighters' knowledge about advanced first aid in thermal burns in children: survey research
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-10-14) Dudziński, Łukasz ; Czyżewski, Łukasz ; Marzec, Leszek ; Kubiak, Tomasz ; Maczulski, Krzysztof
    Background. The aim of the study was the assessment of the level of firefighters’ knowledge about the principles of helping injured minors (children of no specific age) with thermal burns. Material and methods. An anonymous survey was conducted in the period 1st February 2023 - 30th April 2023 among firefighters in the three Polish voivodships: Lublin, Świętokrzyskie and Warmian-Masurian. The study included 346 people who agreed to participate in the study and completed the questionnaire. The original questionnaire included 17 questions regarding demographics and checking the knowledge of emergency medical services including the issue of thermal burns. Results. In the study group, the average length of service was 11±7 years. People with longer work experience were statistically significantly more likely to provide aid to burn victims (45% vs. 58%, p=0.022), but there was no statistically significant impact of work experience on the level of knowledge about: the influence of the burn surface area on the risk of developing hypothermia in a child (p=0.880; p=0.482), the severe burn surface area in a child (p=0.478; p=0.143), and calculating the burn surface area in a child (p=0.408; p=0.168). Conclusions. The level of firefighters’ knowledge about helping minors injured due to thermal burns is insufficient. The frequency of helping burn victims did not have a significant impact on the level of knowledge about the burn surface area and the risk of shock. Child’s reactions to stress and pain, as well as the emotions of parents were indicated as the most frequent difficulties while providing advanced first aid.
  • Rekord
    Physical activity of Ukrainian and Polish medical students in the beginning of the war in Ukraine
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-10-25) Adamczak, Bartosz Bogusz ; Kuźnik, Zofia ; Makles, Szymon ; Kosendiak, Aureliusz
    Background. The war in Ukraine has had profound implications for public health and mental well-being. Physical activity (PA) has been recognized for its beneficial impact on mental health, yet the effects of war on exercise behavior remain poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate variables related to PA in Ukrainian medical students compared to their Polish counterparts in the beginning of the war in Ukraine. Material and methods. The study involved 225 participants from medical universities in Wroclaw, Poland (n=120), as well as Lviv (n=49) and Ivano-Frankivsk (n=56), Ukraine. Data collection took place between May and July 2022. PA levels were assessed using the International PA Questionnaire, measured in Metabolic Equivalent of Task minutes per week (MET-min/wk). Additionally, a custom questionnaire was utilized to evaluate PA barriers, motives, and preferred forms of activity. Results. Ukrainian students demonstrated significantly higher overall PA compared to Polish students (Total MET: Lviv 3759.0 MET-min/wk and Ivano-Frankivsk 4452.0 MET-min/wk vs. Wroclaw 2841.8 MET-min/wk, p<0.001). Walking and cycling emerged as the most prevalent forms of PA. The primary barrier to PA in Poland was a lack of time, while lack of motivation was more prominently displayed in Ukraine. Notably, an increase in self-esteem appeared to be a more prevalent motive in Ukraine (p<0.0001). Conclusions. Further investigation is warranted to understand the underlying reasons for the observed differences. It is crucial to ascertain whether increased PA in Ukraine is a coping mechanism for stress or attributed to other factors. Additionally, longitudinal studies are needed to identify emerging trends and changes in the population’s response over time.
  • Rekord
    The effect of "Back School" intervention on Chinese patients with chronic low back pain
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-10-10) Wang, Zhe ; Makai, Alexandra ; Czakó, Dorina Evelin ; Tumpek, Nikolett Ildikó ; Bogdán, Kinga ; Járomi, Melinda
    Background. The Back School program has been recommended in many countries around the world for patients with low back pain (LBP) to help improve self-efficacy to enhance their prognosis. However, few studies have reported on the application of the Back School in East Asia, including China. This study aimed to explore the Back School’s effect on Chinese adults with chronic LBP based on four areas: posture, knowledge of LBP, physical activity and body performance. Material and methods. There were 10 participants in the intervention group and 11 in the control group. Baseline data was collected prior to the intervention, including upper body physical examination, core and lower limb muscle examination, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, LBP Knowledge Questionnaire and Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. Physical indicators and questionnaires were retaken after the 8-week Back School intervention. The differences between the two groups were compared before and after the intervention. Results. There was a statistically significant increase in McGill trunk flexion test results and knowledge of LBP (especially basic knowledge and treatment sections) in the intervention group. Conclusions. The Back School-based intervention model has a positive impact on muscle performance in the core area and knowledge acquisition of LBP in Chinese patients with chronic LBP.
  • Rekord
    “Conscious 9 months”. Gestational diabetes mellitus lifestyle program combining regular exercise and nutritional intervention: a mixed-method case report
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-10-06) Makaruk, Beata ; Grantham, Weronika ; Szeszko, Łukasz
    Background. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a glucose tolerance disorder posing health risks for both the mother and fetus. Lifestyle modifications are recommended to control glucose levels before pharmacotherapy. The aims of this study were 1) to examine the impact of combined GDM intervention on the glycemia levels and pregnancy outcomes in a woman with GDM; and 2) to explore what can help women adhere to the desired lifestyle changes recommended for GDM. Material and methods. This instrumental study uses a mixed-method approach, combining quantitative and qualitative methods. It focuses on a comprehensive lifestyle intervention, incorporating exercise, dietary protocol, maternal education, and support. One participant was enrolled, starting the intervention at the 24th week of pregnancy. Low glycemic index (<55%) and low glycemic load meals were recommended. Exercises were supervised and conducted regularly three times a week until delivery (48 sessions in total). Results. Glucose levels remained within normal range throughout the entire pregnancy, without the need for pharmacotherapy. The pregnancy resulted in a natural delivery of a healthy newborn with normal parameters. The participant completed the entire intervention, implementing the recommended lifestyle changes and avoiding complications associated with GDM. Conclusions. 1. Individualized and holistic care for women with GDM can help maintain normal glucose levels and increase the chances of positive pregnancy outcomes. 2. Key factors contributing to the success of the intervention were emotional support, education, and personalized care provided by specialists. 3. Implementing lifestyle changes during pregnancy may reduce the need for pharmacological interventions and complications related to GDM.