2021, Volume 15, Issue 2

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  • Rekord
    Biologically active plant-derived substances with antimicrobial properties
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2021-03-22) Tokarska-Rodak, Małgorzata
    Modern medicine, as well as the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries appreciate the value of plant raw materials for their antiseptic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and soothing effects. Medicinal plants, often found endemically, are often treated as potential sources of new substances with antimicrobial and antifungal activity. The aim of this study was to analyze the significance of selected medicinal and spice plants in terms of their ability to inhibit the growth of microorganisms, including those pathogenic to humans. The significance of active substances contained in selected plant species with high antimicrobial potential including Aloe vera L. and Chelidonium majus L. was described. The antimicrobial activity of plant oils, including those extracted from citrus and spice plants, was also analyzed. Plants are a rich source of many substances with a broad spectrum of activity. This knowledge has often been used in folk medicine, but it was not until the development of modern research methods that the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic properties of many plant substances and their proper use could be understood. New substances present in plant materials are constantly being discovered that may be of medical interest because of their great potential to be used against microorganisms or because of their antioxidant and anti-cancer properties.
  • Rekord
    The use of Big Data in healthcare lessons for developing countries from Uzbekistan
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2021-06-14) Vikhrov, Igor ; Abdurakhimov, Zokhid ; Ashirbaev, Sherzod
    The use of Big Data (BD) in medicine is fundamental for the development of digital healthcare, including the implementation of smart medicine and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. Proper organization of BD is necessary for the creation and training of AI algorithms, and for AI to work with great efficiency and accuracy. In this review, the existing models for creating and storing BD sets are described, and the numerous opportunities provided to the healthcare system by the effective use of these tools are outlined. The BD phenomenon is especially important for the developing countries, which can use the example of already completed projects and achievements in the field of BD to more effectively implement such technologies in their own countries. However, there are still some problems with the implementation of BD technologies in practical healthcare of the developing countries. One of the fundamental issues is the financial cost of developing, implementing and maintaining a system for collecting, storing and using BD, including the cost of highly qualified personnel, and expensive equipment and network infrastructure that needs to be regularly updated. Another problem is the confidentiality and security of data in healthcare.
  • Rekord
    The effect of omeprazole on treatment outcomes in patients with severe traumatic brain injury and sepsis
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2020-10-20) Oliynyk, Oleksandr
    Background. The interrelation between omeprazole use and the possibility of developing nosocomial pneumonia, acute kidney damage and Clostridium difficile-induced diarrhea in patients with sepsis requires further study.Material and methods. 200 patients with severe craniocerebral injury that underwent surgery for the pathology and developed sepsis in the postoperative period were examined in a blind, randomized placebo-controlled research study. The patients were divided into two groups. Patients in Group 1, as part of their therapy regimen for sepsis, received a daily dose of 0.2 mg/kg omeprazole as an intravenous infusion; patients in Group 2 received placebo instead of omeprazole, in addition to a similar therapy regimen as Group 1. Results. Among patients receiving omeprazole, the number of concomitant ventilator-associated pneumonia cases increased by 1.32 times, the number of acute kidney damage cases by 1.33 times and the number of cases of Clostridium difficile toxin secretion with feces by 1.75 times. Conclusions. The routine use of omeprazole in the management of patients with sepsis may worsen treatment results.
  • Rekord
    Level of physical activity of women and men from Independent Cultural Centers in Poland
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2021-03-11) Bergier, Michał ; Bergier, Barbara
    Background. The aim of this study was to identify the level of physical activity of members of Independent Cultural Centers (ICCs) operating in Poland. The choice of this group was dictated by the desire to identify unconventional initiatives (including various types of physical activities) that differentiate the group from previously researched socio-professional groups. Material and methods. The study included participants from all ICCs in Poland, represented by 38 women and 66 men aged 19 to 46 years. To assess their level of physical activity, the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ short) was used. Results. For both sexes, physical activity at intensity levels of vigorous (VPA), moderate (MPA), light (walking) (LPA), as well as the total physical activity (TPA) of the subjects, were measured. Among men, weekly VPA energy expenditure was 1281.2 MET-min/week (SD = 763.6) and among women 1162.7 MET-min/wk. (SD = 644.6). For MPA, analysis of the results showed an energy expenditure of 918.8 MET-min/week (SD = 650.6) in women and 772.3 MET-min/week (SD = 455.5) in men. Weekly LPA energy expenditure was 1342 MET-min/week in men (SD = 827.2) and 1341.3 MET-min/week in women (SD = 823.6). Conclusions. Respondents from the ICCs constituted a group characterized by positive physical activity scores. Women had higher results compared to men in the VPA, MPA and TPA analyses, although these differences were not statistically significant. The respondents’ results were also more favorable in relation to groups of students and members of other Polish associations and non-governmental organizations.
  • Rekord
    The physical activity level declared by students from Belarus
    (Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, 2021-04-06) Baj-Korpak, Joanna ; Shpakou, Andrei ; Szepeluk, Adam
    Background. Numerous connections of physical activity with biological indicators and various diseases justify its place in the multifaceted theory of health, thus making it a health measure. The aim of the study was to learn about the physical activity declared by students at Belarusian universities – to determine its level and dominant areas. Material and methods. 739 people studying in Brest, Minsk, and Grodno (Belarus) were surveyed with the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Results. The total physical activity of the surveyed students amounted to 4840.5 metabolic equivalent of task (MET) min/week (median), which proves their significant involvement in the broadly understood physical culture. The dominant area of their physical activity proved to be work-related effort (median=1700.6 MET-min/week), while the lowest activity of the respondents was related to sport and recreation. The surveyed men showed higher MET-min/week rates in total physical activity and its components compared with women except for housework. In each of the analyzed variables (gender, Body Mass Index (BMI), self-assessment of physical fitness, and declared amount of spare time), there were statistically significant differences in the physical activity level of the surveyed students. Conclusions. The surveyed men proved to be more active than women in all domains of physical activity except for housework. Respondents with a BMI indicating overweight were more active than those with a normal BMI or those who were underweight. High self-esteem and declaration of lacking spare time are associated with high values of the MET-min/week index.