2023, Volume 17, Issue 1

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  • Rekord
    Foster care system in Poland and Slovakia. Comparative analysis / System pieczy zastępczej w Polsce i na Słowacji. Analiza porównawcza
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-12-19) Ruszkowska, Marzena ; Lovašová, Soňa
    The functioning of the foster care system seems to be a particularly relevant issue, as several children are placed in it every day, and the applicable regulations adopted by other European countries are worth analysing. Material and methods: This publication is intended as an attempt to compare the solutions adopted in the Slovak Republic and Poland regarding the foster care system. The comparative analysis is based on available research, legal regulations and statistical data. Results: Both countries practice deinstitutionalisation, i.e. the placement of children from dysfunctional families in family-type care in the first instance. The Slovak system is much less developed than the Polish system. Conclusions: Differences between the systems are visible, for example, in the requirements for foster carers, the types of funding and the length of stay of adult foster carers in the system.
  • Rekord
    The Biała Podlaska ghetto – the tragic end of the Jewish community in Biała Podlaska / Getto w Białej Podlaskiej – tragiczny koniec społeczności bialskich Żydów,
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-11-30) Pakuła, Paweł Antoni
    The aim of this paper was to examine the history of the Jewish community in the city of Biała Podlaska during World War II. Material and methods: The paper uses regional literature, including printed sources and copies of typescripts, monographs of the city and publications concerning the holocaust in the Biała Podlaska commune. It also refers to audio and video content available online – memories of Polish witnesses and a small group of Jewish survivors. Results: T he a uthor d escribed t he h istory o f t he J ewish c ommunity i n B iała P odlaska during World War II. The paper contains an overview of repression methods used by the Germans, a description of particularly notorious criminals and characteristics of the attitude of the local Polish population. Conclusions: The last three years in the around 300-year history of the Jewish community in Biała Podlaska, particularly 1942, were tragic. The Nazi occupants deprived the Jews of their estate and dignity, forced them to work and eventually took their lives away. During their rule, they deported 8,000 Jews to German Nazi extermination camps and killed 6,000 in the city. In 1945, only 60 Jews remained in Biała Podlaska.
  • Rekord
    (The invisible) image of homelessness / (Nie)widzialny obraz bezdomności
    (Akademia Bialska Nauk Stosowanych im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-11-30) Staszkiewicz-Grabarczyk, Iwona
    The aim of the article is to present the ‘portrait’ of homelessness in Poland and the perception of the phenomenon and homeless people by the state as well as society. The paper attempts to analyze the basic terms related to the phenomenon of homelessness. It also focused on the sociodemographics data of homelessness, including quantitative issues of the homeless population, their places of stay, factors that influence the creation of homelessness, age and gender of the responders, education, the length of time they have been homeless and their sources of income. The research showed that homeless people need comprehensive and professional support and that their postulated needs are primarly for housing, financial and food assistance, Protection of people in homelessness crisis is conditioned by law, from the Constitution to laws and regulations. Social service is provided by government administrative organs and local government bodies, in cooperation with community organisations and individuals. There are many Polish as well as international organisations that support the recovery from the homelessness crisis.
  • Rekord
    Romantic relationships and emotional difficulties and post-traumatic growth during the COVID-19 pandemic / Relacje romantyczne a trudności emocjonalne i wzrost potraumatyczny w czasie pandemii COVID-19
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-10-30) Kozakiewicz, Alicja ; Izdebski, Zbigniew
    The purpose of the study was to assess the level of emotional difficulties and posttraumatic growth in accordance with relationship quality and attachment style in a romantic relationship in view of selected sociodemographic variables. Material and methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted online in March 2022, and the subject of analysis is data on 1,332 adults in a relationship. The Post-Traumtic Growth (PTG) scale was used to measure post-traumatic growth, the Pandemic Emotional Difficulties (Pandemic-ED) scale was used to measure pandemic-related emotional difficulties. Relationship quality was measured with the Short Love Scale 12 (SLS-12) and The Experiences in Close Relationships-Relationship Structures (ECR-RS) scale. Results: Emotional difficulties were shown to be lower among those in relationships rated more positively, and rates of post-traumatic growth increased as relationship scores increased. Conclusions: The results presented allow to understand the impact of romantic relationships on individuals’ functioning, thus providing indications for those working in the field of couples counseling.
  • Rekord
    The role of playing with parents in the process of supporting speech development in children up to the age of three – pedagogue's reflections / Rola zabawy z rodzicami w procesie wspierania rozwoju mowy u dzieci do trzeciego roku życia – refleksje pedagoga
    (Akademia Bialska im. Jana Pawła II, 2023-10-30) Nosek-Kozłowska, Katarzyna
    The aim of the article is to present the role of play in the process of supporting the speech development of children under the age of three by their parents. Material and methods: On the basis of scientific studies, a concise characterization of speech was made, a description of the individual stages of its development, the specificity of play as an element that may support the acquisition of communication skills in early childhood. Results: The ability to communicate is probably the most important of all life skills. The way people communicate has a huge impact on their education, career opportunities and relationships with other people. Conclusions: Reflection on the issues raised indicates that one of the most important people who have a significant impact on the child's speech development are parents and their relatives, with whom the child spends the most time.